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More from this month’s Public Issue:

Start a Conversation about gender equality for Women’s History Month

The conversation goes further than recognizing feminist pioneers and empowering women today. Click here to hear Michael Kimmel speaking to an audience on why gender equality is good for everyone, including men, and why to empower women we must also engage men!

Click here to view an interactive women’s history timeline and learn some interesting facts and statistics on gender equality!

More Upcoming Trainings!

Advocacy Learning Center: An End to Violence Against Women
The innovative 18-month Advocacy Learning Center course gives advocates, advocacy program managers and coalition staff a rare chance to come together for self-reflection, inspiration and an opportunity to re-think approaches to individual, institutional and community advocacy. Deadline to apply is March 18, 2019! Apply here.

2019 Maryland CASA Conference
Friday, March 29 & Saturday, March 30, 2019. Judicial College Education & Conference Center, 2011D Commerce Park Drive, Annapolis, Maryland 21401.
Registration is now open! Please mark your calendar for Maryland CASA’s 13th Annual Conference! This year’s conference will feature TWO DAYS of professional education on topics of critical importance to the welfare of children under court protection due to child abuse and neglect.

Effectively Serving Survivors with Mental Health Disabilities
Tuesday, March 12, 2019, 02:00pmThis webinar will explore strategies for domestic and sexual violence service providers when working with people with mental health disabilities as well as potential solutions to overcome common concerns and ensure access to a wide range of services for all survivors.

Research Updates:

Here you’ll find the latest research on IPV, traumatic brain injury and more!

Ayton, Darshini. “Acquired Brain Injury in the Context of Family Violence: A Systematic Scoping Review of Incidence, Prevalence, and Contributing Factors” January 2019. Sage Journals, Trauma, Violence, & Abuse issue. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018821951

Abstract: Brain injury is often a precursor to, or result of, family violence. Yet there is little research identifying the connection of these two phenomena. The health cost (personal or societal) of brain injury within the family violence context is difficult to ascertain. Family violence can lead to lifelong psychological or physical scars and even death. A systematic review was conducted over three databases using Medical Subject Heading terms to investigate incidence, prevalence, and contributing factors of brain injury within a family violence context. Inclusion criteria were primary studies, any person who experienced traumatic brain injury in a familial context. Seven hundred and seven studies of varied designs were initially identified with 43 meeting inclusion criteria. Data were extracted and a deductive narrative synthesis was performed. The accuracy and generalizability of incidence and prevalence statistics was hindered by underreporting of family violence and the specificity of some of the population groups (e.g., female inmates). The factors contributing to brain injury within the family violence context had multifactorial causation and varied greatly across the populations studied. Five social determinants of health were identified: biological, behavioral, structural, social, and environmental. These factors included age and gender of parent/baby, crying as an antecedent of family violence, previous exposure to abuse as a child, hostile living environments, previous trauma, financial pressures, employment status, housing availability, and exposure to natural disasters. Future investigation into the nexus between brain injury and family violence is required; however, this is complicated due to global inconsistency of definitions, assessment tools, and research methods used.

Keelan, Rachel. “Neuropsychological Characteristics of the Confusional State Following Traumatic Brain Injury.” January 2019, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617718001157

Abstract- Objectives: Individuals with moderate–severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience a transitory state of impaired consciousness and confusion often called posttraumatic confusional state (PTCS). This study examined the neuropsychological profile of PTCS. Methods: Neuropsychometric profiles of 349 individuals in the TBI Model Systems National Database were examined 4 weeks post-TBI (±2 weeks). The PTCS group was subdivided into Low (n=46) and High Performing PTCS (n=45) via median split on an orientation/amnesia measure, and compared to participants who had emerged from PTCS (n=258). Neuropsychological patterns were examined using multivariate analyses of variance and mixed model analyses of covariance. Results: All groups were globally impaired, but severity differed across groups (F(40,506)=3.44; p<.001; ŋp2 =.206). Rate of forgetting (memory consolidation) was impaired in all groups, but failed to differentiate them (F(4,684)=0.46; p=.762). In contrast, executive memory control was significantly more impaired in PTCS groups than the emerged group: Intrusion errors: F(2,343)=8.78; p<.001; ŋp2=.049; False positive recognition errors: F(2,343)=3.70; p<.05; ŋp2=.021. However, non-memory executive control and other executive memory processes did not differentiate those in versus emerged from PTCS. Conclusions: Executive memory control deficits in the context of globally impaired cognition characterize PTCS. This pattern differentiates individuals in and emerged from PTCS during the acute recovery period following TBI. (JINS, 2019, 00, 1–12.)

Rosenberg, Hannah. “Measuring emotion perception following traumatic brain injury: The Complex Audio Visual Emotion Assessment Task (CAVEAT).” December 2016. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, An International Journal, Volume 29, 2019, Issue 2. Pages 232-250. https://doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2016.1273118

Abstract- Introduction: While emotion recognition difficulties in moderate-severe TBI are well established, the standard measures of emotion recognition significantly limit the conclusions which can be drawn regarding real-life deficits. Two studies report on the development of CAVEAT, a new measure of emotion recognition that attempts to overcome these limitations. Method: These studies were designed to establish CAVEAT’s psychometric properties by examining performance of a TBI group and matched controls in order to provide estimates of its reliability and validity (study 1), and to compare performance of the TBI and control groups on a subgroup of emotions from the CAVEAT that represented the six basic emotions used in conventional emotion research (study 2). Thirty-two participants with TBI and 32 matched controls (study 1) and 16 participants with TBI and 12 matched controls (study 2) participated in this study.

Vanderploeg, R. D., “Reconceptualizing rehabilitation of individuals with chronic symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury.”2019.  Rehabilitation Psychology. 209. Volume 64, Issue 1, Pages 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000255

Abstract- Purpose/Objective: Effective treatment for postconcussive symptoms (PCS) immediately following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) includes reassurance, support, education about mTBI, and symptom management. However, effective treatments for chronic postconcussive-like symptoms, particularly with mental health comorbidities, remain unclear. Research Method/Design: We conduct a critical review of the treatment literature for chronic PCS, present exemplar studies of two alternative treatment approaches (i.e., cognitive rehabilitation (CR) and psychotherapy with various cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches) and compare their relative effectiveness, and examine other literature to compare treatment benefits of one approach over another. Results: This review and comparisons found CBT approaches to be 5 to 6 times more potent in reducing chronic PCS than CR. Conclusions/Implications: Based on these findings we encourage rehabilitation professionals to “re-conceptualize” the factors that likely underlie chronic PCS and the most effective treatment for this condition. We propose that CBT interventions focusing on comorbid and underlying mental health issues should be an essential, not adjunctive, treatment approach for chronic PCS. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)